MICROFOSSILS

Laymen usually associate the term "fossils" with the fossilized remains of giant dinosaurs, ammonites and ichtyosaurs in the Franconian Jura and perhaps the many fossils from the Messel Pit. Such fossils are indeed very impressive, but they are also extremely rare. Microfossils are abundant, however, and they have remained well preserved over hundreds of millions of years. They can be easily isolated and they make it possible to reconstruct the ecosystem, which is an important prerequisite for the reconstruction of the palaeoclimate. Evolution can be comprehended in detail through examining the micro-fossils of successive layers.

We present microfossils from the Pleistocene (Tertiary) of Ogada to demonstrate their diversity, but this series of pictures does not by far show all the types of microfossils which can be found.

Microfossils from the Pleistocene (Tertiary) of Hurghada

Bryozoa,
colony

Bryozoa,
colony
Bryozoa,
colony
Bryozoa,
colony
Snail,
caecum

Sea urchin,
skeletal element
Coral,
skeletal element
Ostracod
Polychaeta,
tube

Snail Snail Snail
Snail
.
Foraminifer Foraminifer Foraminifer
Foraminifer
.
Foraminifer Foraminifer Foraminifer
Foraminifer
.
Foraminifer Bryozoa,
colony
Snail

Series of microfossils from different places

Conodont
.
Conodont Conodont Conodont
Dermal denticle
.
Dermal denticle Dermal denticle Dermal denticle
Dermal denticle
.
Dermal denticle Ostracod Conodont
Scolecodont Sponge,
skeletal element

Sponge,
skeletal element

Sea urchin,
spine
Foraminifer
.
Sea urchin,
rotula
Foraminifer Octocorallia,
skeletal eleme
Sponge,
skeletal element

Mussel Patellid Snail
Snail
.
Bryozoa,
colony
Foraminifer Foraminifer
Sponge, sclerit (?) Characeae,
Oogonium
Characeae,
Oogonium
Characeae,
Oogonium
Bolboforma inc.sed.
Miozän/Gr.Pampau
Bolboforma can be used as index fossils. Their relation to known
phytoplankton remains
uncertain.
Bolboforma
Bolboforma
.

Other microfossils are displayed on the pages foraminifers , diatoms and radiolarians.

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